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apd01. This is Apartheid

Pamphlet illustrating life under apartheid and black resistance.

apd02. Children of Soweto

Booklet illustrated with woodcuts about life for black South Africans under apartheid. The booklet was produced by the South Africa Racial Amity Trust (SARAT), an education charity set up by the Anti-Apartheid Movement and later renamed the Bishop Ambrose Reeves Trust (BART).

apd03. Apartheid Quiz

Pamphlet explaining basic facts about apartheid.

arm17. Marconi Arms Apartheid

This report argued that Marconi’s contract to supply troposcatter communications equipment to South Africa was a breach of the arms embargo imposed by the 1974 Labour government. The equipment was to be used to send information from the South African forces fighting SWAPO guerrillas in northern Namibia to the Defence Department’s computer centre in the Cape. The AAM argued that the arms ban should cover all equipment with ‘dual purpose’ military and civilian use and that no equipment should be sold to the South African defence forces.

arm05. South Africa’s Defence Strategy

This pamphlet detailed South Africa’s arms build-up in the 1960s and argued that Western military support for apartheid could lead to a global racial conflagration. It was widely distributed and ran into several editions.

arm18. Apartheid A Threat to Peace

This report detailed South Africa’s military build-up in the early 1970s and showed how NATO and the Western powers were integrating South Africa into their defence plans. It argued that because of its apartheid policies South Africa was a threat to world peace and should therefore be subject to a mandatory arms ban under Chapter VII of the UN Charter.

arm20. Computerising Apartheid: ICL in South Africa

Examination of the role of the British company ICL in computerising the pass laws and supplying equipment to the South African police and military.

nam01. South West Africa

From its formation in 1960, the Anti-Apartheid Movement campaigned for an end to South Africa’s illegal rule in Namibia (South West Africa). In March 1966 writer Ronald Segal convened an international conference with the support of the AAM. This pamphlet set out the background to the conference and explained how South Africa had contravened its League of Nations mandate. It called for political action at the UN and showed how the Western powers were blocking any steps to end South Africa’s control of the territory.

arm21. Nuclear Collaboration with South Africa

Report of a UN Seminar held in London on South Africa’s nuclear capacity in February 1979.  The report presented evidence of how US and Western European technology had helped the apartheid government develop a nuclear bomb. The seminar was organised with the support of the UN Centre against Apartheid.

hgs05. ‘Save Their Lives!’

These three young men were among the hundreds who left South Africa after the 1976 Soweto student uprising and returned secretly after military training. They were intercepted by the South African Security Forces and sentenced to death. Partly as the result of international protests, their sentences were commuted to life imprisonment.

arm22. South Africa’s Nuclear Capability

In 1979 South Africa tested a nuclear device in the south Atlantic Ocean. This report traced the development of South Africa’s nuclear capacity and showed how Western countries had helped create it.

tu24. Pulling Out from Apartheid: A Guide for Action

At the height of the AAM campaign for sanctions in the mid-1980s, many local organisations produced their own campaign material. This pamphlet published in east London by Tower Hamlets Solidarity and Tower Hamlets Trades Council was a comprehensive campaign guide for trade unions, local authorities, community organisations and individuals.

hgs07. Save the Moroka Three

These three young men were among the hundreds who left South Africa after the 1976 Soweto student uprising and returned secretly after military training. They were intercepted by the South African Security Forces and sentenced to death. This pamphlet shows how the case against them relied on confessions made under torture. In spite of an international campaign for their release, the three were executed on 9 June 1983.

zim25. Fire Force Exposed

This report was published at the start of the Lancaster House conference that led to the independence of Zimbabwe in 1980. It made a detailed analysis of the illegal Smith regime’s military capacity and argued that it was impossible to achieve peace in Zimbabwe without disbanding the security forces.

tu17. British Leyland in Britain and in South Africa

British Leyland was one of the main targets of the AAM’s disinvestment campaign in the 1970s. It was one of the biggest vehicle manufacturers in South Africa and was involved in a long-running recognition dispute with the Metal and Allied Workers Union. Coventry Anti-Apartheid Movement worked with local trade unionists to persuade British workers to refuse to work on spare parts for South Africa. This report, sponsored by Coventry AAM and Coventry Trades Council, set out the case for worker to worker solidarity.

arm27. Plessey Arms Apartheid

In 1981 the AAM asked the British government to stop the sale of radar equipment manufactured by Plessey, a British electronics company, to the South African Defence Force. This pamphlet argued that the contract was in breach of the mandatory UN arms embargo.

arm28. How Britain Arms Apartheid

Memorandum to the British government showing how British companies exploited loopholes in the UN mandatory arms ban. The memorandum set out a comprehensive list of measures needed to enforce the embargo.

hgs12. Save the Sharpeville Six

The Sharpeville Six, five men and one woman, were sentenced to death in December 1985 after joining a demonstration at which a black deputy mayor was killed. For the next two and a half years Southern Africa the Imprisoned Society (SATIS) mounted an international campaign for their release. As a result of the campaign and protests from inside South Africa, the Six were reprieved in July 1988. This was an updated version of a pamphlet first produced in 1986.

hgs14. Save Robert McBride

Robert McBride was a young ANC member sentenced to hang for setting off a bomb in Durban in July 1986. In March 1988 a South African court turned down his appeal against the death sentence. After a campaign for clemency led by his mother, Doris McBride, the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in April 1991.

zim24. Guardians of White Power

In 1977 the British government put forward new proposals for a settlement in Rhodesia. This AAM Briefing presented a comprehensive description of the white minority government’s armed forces. It argued that the control and composition of the security forces in a transition to majority rule was of crucial importance.

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